Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.
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A Multilevel Process Theory. In the analysis below I use data from the Mexican census to examine the ethnic classification stavenhage children of indigenous parents. The Puerto Rican Nation on the Move: Siglo Veintiuno Editores; This opposite pattern is consistent with lw expectations based on the results presented in the previous section where children of more educated indigenous mothers were found to be less likely to speak an indigenous language, but slightly more likely to be identified as indigenous.
Similarly, the presence of indigenous language schools appears to increase indigenous language maintenance among children of indigenous parents, but not their odds of being classified as indigenous based on proxy self-identification. Many other censuses and household surveys worldwide, including the U.
Critics charge that the multicultural agenda enacted by governments throughout Latin America including Mexico only includes the protection rodo,fo a limited set of cultural rights, and leaves existing power relations and socioeconomic disparities unchanged Hale ; Speed For many white Americans ethnicity is a cultural resource devoid of the traditional social underpinnings, such as strong ties to rodolfk and insertion into a web of social obligations.
Somatic and Racial Considerations. I specifically compare how parental education affects how children are identified under the two systems of classification—language proficiency and proxy self-identification. Amazon Rapids Fun stories for kids on the go. Self-identification is usually cueston the preferred method for ethnic classification insofar as it allows individuals greater freedom to identify themselves as they wish.
However, recent studies on boundary crossing have focused mostly on Afro-Latin American countries such as Brazil, where racial classification is based on perceptions of skin color.
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National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Ethnic and Racial Studies. However, just as with skin color classification in Afro-Latin American countries, movement across the social boundary separating indigenous and non-indigenous peoples is quite common, and may in turn affect our estimates of social disparities. For all its failings, language proficiency is more likely to capture a stronger form cusetion ethnicity, with clear social implications.
Just as in the Mexican case, the increase in Native American self-identification with education was highest in urban areas.
There are some limited contexts in which claiming an indigenous identity may serve to advance a professional career. Little Brown and Company; Children of indigenous parents are much less likely to be classified as indigenous according to language cuestiom, especially when their parents have higher levels of educational attainment.
Ethnic Relations in Cueztion Mexico. The Idea of Race in Latin America, — It is therefore important to fully understand the implications of this shift in ethnic classification.
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By contrast, when proxy self-identification is used as a criterion, children of indigenous parents are more likely to be classified as indigenous, and greater parental education actually results in higher odds that children will be classified as indigenous. ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. American Indian Ethnic Renewal: Social boundaries are not fixed over time.
Journal of Latin American Studies. Because of the ambiguity in racial and ethnic classification in Latin America, the region provides an important setting in which to study social boundaries.
Latinos and the Economy: In the analysis below I will test this stigmatization hypothesis against competing explanations. The analysis is restricted to children 5 to 15 years of age. The Role of Individual and Social Characteristics. If the household resident does not speak an indigenous language the questionnaire asks whether he or she at least understands an indigenous language.
In his classic work on the sociology of language, Fishman For example, children of chestion who speak an indigenous language have It will be easier for highly educated parents who embrace the new multicultural message to claim an indigenous identity for themselves and their children if they are not required to speak an indigenous language.
The multicultural discourse may also receive more widespread acceptance among educated parents in urban areas, thus explaining the stronger positive association in more urban settings.
Any parent born in a different state is considered a migrant. However, this finding does not appear to extend to the private sector, where an indigenous identity does not generally serve as a resource for career advancement. Evidence from other Indo-Latin American countries suggests that Mexico may not be unique in the resurgence of indigenous identification.
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Brookings Institution Press; In Afro-Latin American countries such as Brazil, for example, individuals are classified into multiple categories along a white to black continuum based largely on perceptions of skin color Nobles ; Telles ; Daniel ; Bailey Statistical models are frequently used, for example, to examine the differences in educational attainment, occupational status and income between individuals in different racial and ethnic categories, and to apportion the differences into various explanatory factors e.
Tinajero Guadalupe, Englander Karen. Finally, I assess the impact that the shift in indigenous identification with greater parental education has on estimates of the educational disadvantage of indigenous children according to both classification systems. The World Bank; In particular, the conditional cash transfer program known as Oportunidadesby far the largest assistance program in Mexico, does not specifically use indigenous identification as a criterion for qualification SEDESOL n.
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As demonstrated in the second part of the statistical analysis, estimates of the educational disadvantage of indigenous children are lower when proxy self-identification is used, which may be due precisely to the fact that greater ethnic pride leads more educated parents to identify their children as indigenous. Yet researchers have shown that the social boundaries that define many racial and ethnic categories can change, and that individuals often engage in purposeful behavior to move between categories Alba and Nee ; Alba ; Loveman and Muniz ; Wimmer ab ; Montgomery The results of the statistical analysis indicate a much larger loss of indigenous identification when language proficiency is used as a criterion for indigenous classification than when proxy self-identification is used.
The former have I will also compare the extent to which each classification system leads to a shift away from the indigenous category for children of parents with higher educational attainment.