The first English translation of this epic masterpiece of Chilean poetry. Araucaniad: a version in English poetry of Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga’s La Araucana”. A translation of Alonso de Ercilla’s La araucana. [Alonso de Ercilla y Edition/ Format: Print book: EnglishView all editions and formats. Rating: (not yet rated) 0 . Translated from the Spanish by Delia Goetz. The Araucaniad, A Version in English Poetry of Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñga’s LA ARAUCANA.
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On scraps of paper in the lulls of fighting, Ercilla jotted down versified octaves about the events of the war and his own part in it.
A translation of Alonso de Ercilla’s La araucana in SearchWorks catalog
The mixture of Classical and Araucanian motifs in La Araucana often strikes the modern reader as unusual, but Ercilla’s turning native peoples englisu ancient Greeks, Romans, or Carthaginians was a common practice of his time.
It had been adapted from Italian only in the 16th century, and it produces resonant, serious-sounding verse that is appropriate to epic themes. A revolt starts when the conqueror of Chile, Pedro de Valdivia is captured and killed by Mapuche also known as Araucanian Indians.
Wikisource has original text related to this article: The story is considered to be the first or one of the first works of literature in the New World cf. La Araucana makes Chile the only American country that was founded under the lights of an epic poem [ citation needed ]. He had, in fact, created a historical poem of the war in Chile which immediately inspired many imitations. Ercilla placed the lesser conquests of the Spanish in Chile at the core of his poem, because the araucaana was a participant in the conquest and the story is based on his experiences there.
But the Renaissance epic is not a genre that has, as a whole, endured well, and today Ercilla is little known and La Araucana is rarely read except by specialists and students of Spanish and Latin American literatures, and of course in Chile, where it is subject of special attention in the elementary schools education both in language and history. February Learn how and when to remove this template message.
He was adept at blending personal, lived experience with literary tradition. Voltaire was much more critical, describing the poem as rambling and directionless and calling the author more barbarous than the Indians whom it is about. La Araucana is deliberately literary and includes fantastical elements reminiscent of medieval stories of chivalry.
Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. His valour and nobility give La Araucana grandeur, as does the poem’s exaltation of the vanquished: This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.
Ercilla, the poet-soldier, eventually emerges as the true hero of his own poem, and he is the figure that gives the poem unity and strength. This last is an indicator of the humanist side of Ercilla, and a human sympathy which he shows towards the indigenous people. The sentence was commuted to imprisonment, but Ercilla was speedily released and fought at the Battle of Quipeo 14th of December Also features extended description of the natural landscape.
Influences include Orlando furioso by Ludovico Ariosto. La Araucana in Spanish.
The narrator claims that he attempted to have the life of the Indian chieftain spared. Ercilla blames Valdivia for his own death, having mistreated the natives who had previously acquiesced to Translahion rule and provoking them into rebellion.
La Araucana consists of 37 cantos that are distributed across the poem’s three parts.
However, having previously accepted the rule of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperorthe Araucanians were now in revolt against their legitimate sovereign lord. La Araucana is one of the works which the men spare from the flames, as “one of the best examples of its genre”, entirely Christian and honorable, and is proclaimed to be among the best poems in the heroic style ever written, good enough to compete with those of Ariosto and Tasso. A difficult eight-line unit of syllable verses that are linked by a tight rhyme scheme abababcc, the octava real was a challenge few poets met.
La araucana | Spanish to English Translation – SpanishDict
This is the ethical position of Ercilla: For Ercilla, the Araucanians were noble and brave—only lacking, as their Classical counterparts did, the Christian faith. In the minds of the Chilean people La Araucana is a kind of Iliad that exalts the heroism, pride, and contempt of pain and death of the legendary Araucanian leaders and makes them national heroes today.
Spanish literature Epic poems in Spanish Chilean literature.
The war would come to shape the economics, politics and social life of Chile for centuries. Retrieved from ” https: The poem shows Ercilla to be a master of the octava real that is Italian ottava rimathe complicated stanza in which many other Renaissance epics in Castilian were written.
He does, however, express admiration trqnslation the speech in Canto II, araucsna he compares favorably to Nestor ‘s speech in the Iliad. Montaigne wraucana essay “Des Canibales”, and was destined to have wide literary currency in European literature two centuries later.
Views Read Edit View history. Alonso de Ercilla was born into a noble family in MadridSpain. The narrator is a participant in the story, at the time a new development for Spanish literature.
This page was last edited on 25 Decemberat He was widely acclaimed in Spain. These stanzas he later gathered together and augmented in number to form his epic. The work describes the initial phase of the Arauco War which evolved from the Spanish conquest attempt of southern Chile.