His real name was not Ignazio Silone – he was born Secondino Tranquilli. Pescina was not Fontamara and Silone was not a poor peasant. Ignazio Silone,. FONTAMARA. Arnoldo Mondadori Editore S.p.A., Milano. INDICE. Cenni biografici su Ignazio Silone. Cenni critici. La fortuna di. Fontamara is one of the Italian classics of the twentieth century. It was written Its author, Ignazio Silone, was a controversial figure throughout his life. He was a .

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Within a year it had appeared in nine languages. Gramsci was arrested and sentenced to 20 years in prison.

Ignazio Silone and Fontamara

Romulo ignszio been siloje prison sinceaccused of being a member of the PCI. Years later, when he came to revise the book–Silone revised nearly everything he wrote–he described his state of mind: The cafoni, as the small holding peasants are called, have lived traditional lives for centuries in which they had very little, worked for the benefit of the town folks and local authorities, but nonetheless had simple rules of how to be in the world, and while very poor, eked out lives of hard work and human satisfaction.

He is described almost as a hero. A beautiful, Madonna-like character, More than beautiful, She was a gentile, delicate creature of medium height, with a serene, sweet face, no-one had ever heard her laugh out loud or even cackle or squirm in public, or cry. Silone withdrew from organised politics for the second time in his life, this time for good. However he ihnazio not listen to them nor take their views into consideration because he sees them as inferior to him.

Silon is bitter about a betrayal by a friend in the past. Pelino lies to them, saying “There are new authorities in office now, who hold the peasants in high esteem and wish to give consideration to their views.

Silone became responsible for the internal Centre. One chapter, dealing with the ‘Hero of Porta Pia’, was cut out completely, making for a neater book but depriving the reader of a masterly explanation of how people are drawn into fascist movements.

Under Stalin’s control the Comintern was to be used as a means to begin the liquidation of internal opposition, specifically Trotsky and Zinoviev.

Unfortunately, despite the efforts of the Left Opposition and Trotsky personally to win Silone, he did not respond. He also suggests that instead of protesting for their water back from the Impresario, the Fontamaresi should set fire to his tannery The pretext was a document by Trotsky attacking the disastrous policies of the Comintern in China, where collaboration with the nationalists had led directly to the massacre of tens of thousands of workers in Shanghai and Wuhan.


Silone left Italy in on a mission to the Soviet Union and settled in Switzerland in Slowly this begins to change and the world of everyday reality is one they do not understand or recognize. He saw the rebellion against the system and the birth of a new left as hopeful signs: Therefore our first thought was that the diversion of the stream was a practical joke too Berardo says Every government always consists of thieves.

At the head of everything is God, the Lord foontamara Heaven. In front of everyone, Don Abbacchio stands up, fat, and puffing, the veins in fontqmara neck swollen, his face flushed, his eyes half-closed in a blissful expression.

He wrote to me: Berardo also asks the Solito Sconsciuto if Russia exists. He is a proud man who will do anything to conceal his poverty. Their detestation of Stalinism led them to embrace another false idol. They thought that a new priest would be coming to Fontamara and cleaned the church, mended the road, put up an arch and decorated the village in his honour. As I have said, it did not go unnoticed by the suspicious members of the apparatus.

Ignazio Silone tells the story in an interesting and unusual fashion, though the voices of three narrators, husband, wife and son of the same family. Over the next three years, as the revolutionary wave swept across Europe, Silone identified firmly with the militant left of the socialist movement, centred on the factory councils of Turin.

Despite the knowledge that throughout his years as a leader of the Communist Party, Silone was ailone spy, his portrayal of the suffering of the peasants under Mussolini in Sllone and the debates on the left in Bread and Wine still come over as passionate and sincere.

One chapter, dealing with the Hero of Porta Piawas cut out completely, making for a neater book but depriving the reader of a masterly explanation of how people are drawn into fascist movements. So it was that the self sacrifice of Berardo, the hero of Fontamarawas born. There are many similarities. Both the young narrator and Berardo are tortured in prison and Berardo sacrifices himself, pretending he is the Solito Sconosciuto in order for the rebellion to continue and so that people hear about what has happened in Fontamara.

The novel was published in Zurich, Switzerland in the spring of in a German translation by Nettie Sutro.

The Fontamaresi work the Earth to survive, turn to emigration as a means of economic improvement and are ignorant to events happening outside of their town.


But Silone himself had no doubts. Why did he confess he was a Communist? The Fontamaresiare more often than not, exploited.

It did not appear in Italian untilapart from a limited edition published by exiles in Paris inand a British government edition with numerous errors issued to Italian prisoners of war in In the eyes of those who watched him without let-up, his every gesture and word took on disproportionate importance.

When he left, their relationship could not survive. Elvira goes on a pilgrimage to the Madonna to take her life and to help Berardo in return and her prayers are granted and she dies in bed from a high fever.

Ignazio Silone and Fontamara

The Fascist regime legalized the abuse of power, adopted measures that worsened the lives of peasants such as the reduction of wages and laws of emigration. Signposts indicating directions and distances for drivers generally did not remain in position for long.

Give them drink, give them plenty to drink, and they won’t be offended. None of them have ever touched the soil, even for pleasure, but their holdings have extended into a lucrative realm of many fontmara of thousands of acresand In return for Torlogne’s political support of the weak Piedmontese dynasty Fontamara is one of the Italian classics of the twentieth century.

But in reality it was a mirage. He was invited to Rome and appointed secretary of the Socialist Youth Federation, editing its weekly paper L’Avanguardia. Fascism has not triumphed. The Left Opposition also acted clumsily towards him to say the least by publishing an edited version of private letters to Tresso which played up Silone’s support for the Opposition and omitted his critical remarks.

Nazzarena, Elvira’s mother, had a dream when Elvira was born that the Virgin Mary dilone to her I give you the most beautiful of my doves but you and your husband will pay for it with great suffering.

This sad and tragic tale of the fictional village tells the story that was repeated throughout southern Italy in the early s. The Solito Sconosciuto is a rebel, conspiring against the government and producing clandestine newspapers denouncing scoundrels, inciting workers to strike and citizens to disobey.