PDF | The purpose of this article is to present a contemporary picture of the Halliwick Concept– from Water Specific Therapy (WST) to the. The Halliwick Concept is an approach to teaching all people, in particular focussing on those with physical and/or learning difficulties, to participate in water . The Halliwick Concept for clients with cerebral palsy or similar conditions. Jean- Pierre Maes – PT, MCSP, Senior Halliwick Lecturer. Member of Education and.

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What are the physiological changes in our body during Aquatic exercise: Most Halliwick therapy is active dynamic to facilitate movement and sensory input.

Welcome to the International Halliwick Association (IHA)

Hydrotherapy Massage Physical medicine halpiwick rehabilitation Physical therapy. Orthopaedics for the physical therapist assistant. Halliwick also enables a graded activity program: Halliwick Aquatic Therapy has mainly used in neurorehabilitation and pediatrics. All of the above benefits are simply not possible with land exercise. The Concept has influenced aquatic therapy techniques and has been developed into specific therapeutic exercises. According to the Halliwick Concept, physical properties of water form the basis for therapeutic intervention: Many activities easily can be repeated and varied and clients can learn balance- and stumble- strategies, which have carry-over effects to dry land.

The fluid-mechanical properties of water are the basis for the intervention techniques. The most important part of this program is rotational control. Body temperature water offers a unique and ideal medium for freeing energy. Comprehensive aquatic therapy, 3rd edition. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The Halliwick Concept was originally developed by fluid mechanics engineer James McMillan in the late s and s, at the Halliwick School for Girls with Disabilities in London, to teach physically disabled people independence in water. The Halliwick Ten-Point-Programme implements the concept in a progressive programme of mental adjustment, disengagement, halliwlck development of motor control, with an emphasis on rotational control, and applies the programme to teach physically disabled people balance controlswimmingand independence.


Washington State University Press. Based on fluid mechanicsMcMillan developed teaching and therapeutic approaches to enhance sense of balance equilibrioception and core stability. Retrieved from ” https: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Independence is an important prerequisite for participation in therapeutic, vocational or recreational activities in a group: It also follows training guidelines foncept physiology and its clinical reasoning in various patient populations.

The concise guide to physiotherapy – 2-volume set: In neurological and pediatric rehabilitation, people can experience early mobility.

There are several precautions you need to consider before participating the thermal aquatic bodywork: Subscribe to our mailing list.

What is the Halliwick Concept? The first part of the Halliwick Concept implements the Halliwick Ten-Point-Programme to develop balance control, swimming skills, and indendence: Aquatic Therapy Exercises, founded by the late James McMillan The Halliwick concept originally developed to teach people with physical disability to swim and make them independent in halliwic.

The lightness of the body in water allows the Aquatic practitioner to float you, which has the following effects:.

This reaction is thought hhalliwick. The Halliwick Concept is based on conceppt belief in the benefits that can be derived from activities in water, and sets out the fundamentals necessary for their learning. Alcohol and smoking are prohibited during activities. The second part of the concept, Halliwick Aquatic Therapy also known as Water Specific Therapy, WSTapplies the fundamental biophysical principles and the underlying principles of the Ten-Point-Programme for planning and implementing patient-specific aquatic therapy.

These benefits include physical, personal, recreational, social and therapeutic aspects. This application in fall prevention is extended by using obstacle courses or Ai Chi. Health Benefits Activities in warm water: Halliwick Aquatic Therapy is a system-oriented aquatic motor re learning approach, which includes elements of the Ten-Point-Programme.

Halliwick also enables a graded activity programme: Frees the spinal vertebrae Rotates joint articulations Elongates muscles All of the above benefits are simply not possible with land exercise.


Halliwick Aquatic Therapy is a problem-solving approach, in that specific concet and constraints of the client are analyzed in order to plan a systematic intervention to help the client gain functional increases.

Mostly Halliwick is dynamic to help movement and sensory input. You can not take part if you suffer from any of the following conditions: Halliwick in Rehabilitation Mostly Halliwick is dynamic to help movement and sensory input.

Hwlliwick pain sensitivity Stimulate the immune system Aid lymphatic drainage Increase blood circulation It is also likely to leave you both physically and mentally relaxed.

Decreased heart rate Decreased rate of respiration Hlaliwick depth of respiration Increased peripheral vasodilatation Increased smooth muscle activity digestion Decreased activation of striated muscles skeletal Decreased spasticity Decreased muscle spasm Decreased reticular activating system RAS activity Enhanced immune system response.

Promoting the Halliwick Concept of Swimming & Rehabilitation in Water

Promote well-being Reduce anxiety Alleviate chronic pain Relieve stress Ease the pain of fibromyalgia It is believed that the thermal properties of water help healing. The mechanical advantages of water support the abilities of the trunk in a mobilising and stabilising way.

The lightness of the body in water allows the Aquatic practitioner to float you, which has the following effects: The Halliwick Concept focuses on biophysical principles of motor control in water, in particular developing sense of balance equilibrioception and core stability. Many activities easily can be repeated halliwixk varied and people can learn balance and stumble strategies, which have carry-over balliwick to dry land. This page was last edited on 19 Novemberat