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The “switchman” tells the stranger that the country is famous for its railroad system; though many timetables and tickets have been produced, the trains do not follow them well. It seems that, although an elaborate network of railroads has been planned and partially completed, the service is highly unreliable.
The latter comes closest to the most convincing interpretation, namely, that Arreola has based his tale on Albert Camus ‘s philosophy of the absurd as set forth in The Myth of Sisyphus, a collection of essays Camus published in In areas where no rails exist, passengers simply wait for the unavoidable wreck.
The horrified stranger, who keeps insisting that he must arrive at destination T the next day, is therefore advised to rent a room in a nearby inn, an ash-colored building resembling a jail where would-be travelers are lodged.
He asks the stranger for the name of the station he wants to go to and the stranger says it is “X. Three years later Arreola received a scholarship to study in Paris, where he may well have read these highly acclaimed essays.
As demonstrated by its numerous interpretations, “The Switchman” is fraught with ambiguity. As he gazes at the tracks that seem to melt away in the distance, an old man the switchman carrying a tiny red lantern appears from out of nowhere and proceeds to inform the stranger of the hazards of train travel in this country.
It was republished ten years later along with other published works by Arreola at that time in the collection El Confabulario total. The railroad company occasionally creates false train stations in remote locations to abandon people when the trains become too crowded. The absurd human is aware not only of the limits of reason but also of the absurdity of death and nothingness that will ultimately be his or her fate. The residents accept this system, but hope for a change in the system.
El guardagujas de Juan Jósé Arreola by Davi Mesquita Bodingbauer on Prezi
The Switchman Guardagujass title: It has been seen as a satire on Mexico’s railroad guardayujas and the Mexican character, as a lesson taught by the instincts to a human soul about to be born, as a modern allegory of Christianity, as a complex political satire, as a surrealistic fantasy on the illusive nature of reality, and as an existentialist view of life with Mexican modifications.
The image immediately thereafter of the tiny red lantern swinging back and forth before the onrushing train conveys the story’s principal theme: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In his piece, Arreola focuses on reality guradagujas well.
Awareness of the absurd human condition can come at any moment, but it is most likely to happen when, suddenly confronted by the meaninglessness of hectic daily routine, he or she asks the question “Why? Suddenly, a train approaches and the switchman begins to signal it.
He feels that those with authority create absurd laws and conditions in their domain, and their subjects often willingly accept these absurdities, much like ordinary train passengers. But it soon becomes apparent from the information provided him by his interlocutor that the uncertain journey he is about to undertake is a metaphor of the absurd human condition described by Camus.
The railroad tracks melting away in the distance represent the unknown future, while the arrela network of guardagujaas railroads evokes people’s vain guardagjjas to put into effect rational schemes. But upon inquiring again where the stranger wants to go, the switchman receives the answer X instead of T. Though some consider him to be a pioneer in the field on non-realistic literature, critics of him felt that social conditions in Mexico demanded a more realistic examination of the inequalities.
He has not ever traveled on a train and does not plan on doing so. The switchman explains how the railroad company thinks of their railway system.
In some cases, new towns, like the town of F. The railroad management was so pleased that they decided to suspend any official bridge building and instead encourage the stripping and recreation of future trains. This page was last edited on 8 Septemberat Thus, the stranger’s heavy suitcase symbolizes the burden of reason he carries about, and the inn resembles a jail, the place where others like him are lodged before setting out on life’s absurd journey.
The details of the story do not really support his arrfola that he is indeed an official switchman, so it may be that his tales represent a system that presents absurdity as an official truth and relies on the gullibility of the audience.
The short story was originally published as a guardsgujasa word created in Spanish by Arreola, inin the collection Confabulario and Other Inventions. He does not understand why the stranger insists on going to T.
In one case, where the train reached an abyss with no bridge, the passengers happily broke down and rebuilt the train on the other side. His best-known and most anthologized tale, “The Switchman” exemplifies his taste for humor, satire, fantasy, and philosophical themes.
In the final lines of Arreola’s story the assertion of the stranger now referred to as the traveler that he is going to X rather than T indicates that he has become an absurd man ready to set out for an unknown destination.
Camus writes that neither humans alone nor the world by itself is absurd.